Well-known expression ! Who never heard !? You'll get called Arthur !
It would come from the Second World War and would refer to the & rsquo; German occupation in France which fixed a curfew 20 hours. The name “Arthur” is a German strain “eight o'clock'” (“20 hours”) that German patrols shouted to potential laggards.
Le colonel George A. Taylor, commander 16 th regiment the famous 1 ère division d’infanterie « The big red one », yells to his troops on Omaha beach : "There are two kinds of people staying on this beach: those who died and those who will die. Now, go out d & rsquo; here. »
I believe my interest as well to the stories of the "winning side" than those of the vanquished, indeed behind a cause, a doctrine, an order, there are men who face the horrors of war… To get an overall idea of a conflict must study the different parts. However, Hindsight is vital not to fall into the trap of interpretations, confusions, misconceptions of its authors. This remains a fabulous historic trip ! Happy reading.
Here aujourd & rsquo; hui a book excerpt “the myths of World War II” under the direction of Jean Lopez and Olivier Wieviorka.
This book is indeed myths or erroneous information, incomplete in some parts as well known l & rsquo; Germany lost the war because of & rsquo; Hitler or the defeat of 1940 was inevitable or la Waffen-SS : of elite soldiers !
Here is a chapter selection passage L & rsquo; Italian army was bad by Hubert Heyriès :
On retirement of Don, of 9 the 31 January 1943, Julia alpine divisions, Cuneense et Tridentine if sacrifièrent pour permettre aux Allemands Italo-d & rsquo; evacuer, and preferred conduct of deadly fighting rearguard while constantly being harassed by supporters rather than surrender. At considerable losses, they traveled 350 kilometers, walk, in the snow and cold, at -30 ° C, -40°C, or -50 ° C, without trucks, without food, without anti-tank guns, without air cover, without radio.
The 30 January 1943, Captain of Tridentina, Giovanni Battista Stucchi, and described the poor survivors : “I saw pass before me a long caravan spectra, ghosts, figures that n & rsquo; had almost nothing remained of & rsquo; human. They moved unsteadily, stumbling, dragging their feet on snow […]silently.[…]
L & rsquo; dug aspect of these faces, fleshless, eyes which read in these blushed and hallucinated eyes gave the & rsquo; d & rsquo printing, attend a parade of creatures, subjected to prolonged martyr, had lost the light of reason […]
rags covered or torn clothes, [they had] often feet wrapped cover pieces or hood scraps or bunk coat in several layers.”
But they remained free ! This retreat alpini became a legend. A survivor of Julia, the doctor lieutenant Julius Bedell, transfigured and their history in his novel One hundred thousand tins of ice (One hundred thousand bowls of ice) published early 1960 and became a worldwide bestseller, translated into many languages and sold to date more 4 million & rsquo; copies worldwide.
The Italian Expeditionary Corps in Russia (Armir) counted 63 000 men, dont 40 000 were lost c & rsquo; ie missing, killed or prisoners of war…
Bunker Stalin Izmailovo is the & rsquo; one of the most secret places of Moscow, where many important decisions were taken during the Second World War !
A bunker in Moscow which could accommodate up 1 000 people, tanks and vehicles, Conference round room, Stalin's firm, a dining room very spacious and Stalin's room are examples of the multitude of rooms and facilities that make up the headquarters.
Since the bunker, Stalin could go directly to the Kremlin through a tunnel built parallel to a subway line to keep secret work.
Southwick House, near Portsmouth in Hampshire, will become the headquarters of the main allied commanders, headed by General Eisenhower 1943 at 1944.
For example c & rsquo; is from the library of this beautiful residence (False air of the White House in Washington not ?) what, the 5 June 1944, General Eisenhower will take the decision to postpone the landing of Normandy 24 hours due to bad weather.
What is the common point between the French Germaine Tillion alias “running” in the Museum of Man Network, Marie-Madeleine Fourcade also French Alias “Hedgehog” in its SR Alliance, Belgian Andrée Eugénie Adrienne De Jongh alias “Dedee” Comet in its network and Norwegian Anne Sofie Østvedt alias “Aslak” XU in its network ?
Well, they are among the very few women to have been resistance network leaders !
D & rsquo; backgrounds and nationalities, they all chose to fight against the & rsquo; ogre Hitler.
Some experienced arrests, interrogations, the concentration camps but all have largely lived after the war !
Congratulations ladies !
Rabaul is a city of New Britain, most of the & rsquo; Bismarck Archipelago, part of Papua New Guinea.
The Japanese developed Rabaul an important basis that will become the headquarters of the 17th Army. Kilometers of tunnels were dug to protect facilities and, in 1943, there were about 110 000 Japanese soldiers in Rabaul.
The 18 avril 1943, l & rsquo; s & rsquo plane, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, the Imperial Japanese Navy and architect of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor the 7 December 1941, was shot down by American fighters after taking off from Rabaul. Its route was known because the Americans had, at this moment, deciphered Japanese codes. So we can say that American intelligence services were more effective than this bunker…