Christophe Marcelle was there at that time with his daughter Francine.
"To the authorized hours, Francine was playing in the yard with other kids. One morning, She got into the barracks, sobbing. " Mum ! look through the window ! While this group of children ! The youngest were two or three years, older ten. They have no dad and mom. Will they, them too, from for Pitchipoï ? »
Thus the children of Drancy called this eerie place we did not know yet be hell…
I remember & rsquo; time
I don & rsquo; have not known
I remember & rsquo; one day
I don & rsquo; have not lived
I remember everything
But I don & rsquo; saw nothing
and if I m & rsquo; remember,
it is because I am free.
De many testimonies evoke the Marseillaise sung lustily as the ultimate form of resistance, of rebellion and solidarity when otherwise impossible. Even in German prisons, as Montluc, in the spring 1944, when the Gestapo came regularly take hostages : “For this time*, our cell was lucky, because no one has been appointed to this new adventure. The command to start was repeated by all supervisors. Unforgettable moments. All starters sang the "Marseillaise". More raw Gestapo and soldiers of the escort were shouting and threatening to silence, our comrades sang more loudly. There were fists and rifle butts. We, in cells, to tears, we approve the hitting as we could with our hands and feet against the door. I never heard him sing our national anthem with conviction. Then it was the "Song of Farewell". We could hear them go ".
*Testimony of Rene Bronner.Excerpt from The Tortured France Gérard Bouaziz (Preface Lucie Aubrac, a difficult book to read but absolutely)
Voici a book not to be missed ! A special edition that gathers research material that Cornelius Ryan used to write his famous book. Many documents translated very interesting on testimonials, journal des marches et des opérations de divison, etc…
Extract : "You land on the European continent, and, in conjunction with other UN, will hire operations to reach the heart of Germany and destroy its armed forces… » Note granting supreme authority to General Eisenhower.
yes I know, the extract is short, even extremely short. It is intended only to indicate the almost vital need to own this book in the library of a connoisseur !
You know what you have left to do…
A final image index of the importance of this book.
I believe my interest as well to the stories of the "winning side" than those of the vanquished, indeed behind a cause, a doctrine, an order, there are men who face the horrors of war… To get an overall idea of a conflict must study the different parts. However, Hindsight is vital not to fall into the trap of interpretations, confusions, misconceptions of its authors. This remains a fabulous historic trip ! Happy reading.
Here aujourd & rsquo; hui a book excerpt “the myths of World War II” under the direction of Jean Lopez and Olivier Wieviorka.
This book is indeed myths or erroneous information, incomplete in some parts as well known l & rsquo; Germany lost the war because of & rsquo; Hitler or the defeat of 1940 was inevitable or la Waffen-SS : of elite soldiers !
Here is a chapter selection passage L & rsquo; Italian army was bad by Hubert Heyriès :
On retirement of Don, of 9 the 31 January 1943, Julia alpine divisions, Cuneense et Tridentine if sacrifièrent pour permettre aux Allemands Italo-d & rsquo; evacuer, and preferred conduct of deadly fighting rearguard while constantly being harassed by supporters rather than surrender. At considerable losses, they traveled 350 kilometers, walk, in the snow and cold, at -30 ° C, -40°C, or -50 ° C, without trucks, without food, without anti-tank guns, without air cover, without radio.
The 30 January 1943, Captain of Tridentina, Giovanni Battista Stucchi, and described the poor survivors : “I saw pass before me a long caravan spectra, ghosts, figures that n & rsquo; had almost nothing remained of & rsquo; human. They moved unsteadily, stumbling, dragging their feet on snow […]silently.[…]
L & rsquo; dug aspect of these faces, fleshless, eyes which read in these blushed and hallucinated eyes gave the & rsquo; d & rsquo printing, attend a parade of creatures, subjected to prolonged martyr, had lost the light of reason […]
rags covered or torn clothes, [they had] often feet wrapped cover pieces or hood scraps or bunk coat in several layers.”
But they remained free ! This retreat alpini became a legend. A survivor of Julia, the doctor lieutenant Julius Bedell, transfigured and their history in his novel One hundred thousand tins of ice (One hundred thousand bowls of ice) published early 1960 and became a worldwide bestseller, translated into many languages and sold to date more 4 million & rsquo; copies worldwide.
The Italian Expeditionary Corps in Russia (Armir) counted 63 000 men, dont 40 000 were lost c & rsquo; ie missing, killed or prisoners of war…
…Of March 1942 to July 1944 were deported 76 000 Jews in France, all train, dont 70 000 to Auschwitz. At the Liberation, we only count 2 500 survivors. Initially composed of German equipment, convoys were quickly made twenty boxcars KKW and KKU SNCF : 20 ton load, four louver, 50 persons per car. Under the authority of the occupant and the French State, these transports are executed by the national society. Train stations and central stations are French. ” The archives and testimonies come no refusal, no protest from the carrier on the implementation of such transport, nor any sabotage setpoint “, raises the background report controlled by the station. Billings of these convoys are issued by the Railroad travel agency, the sea, but the train makes its own bills, she addresses her sponsor, the French Ministry of Interior, where they fall under Chapter ” administrative transportation “. The Germans consider that they cover these bills with packages provided by Albert Speer for all military transport. Car, the eyes of the Nazis, they fall into that category M, ” military trains “, at the forefront of traffic priorities dictated SNCF. An accurate tally of deportees trains is established by the national society, who knows the nature of cargoes : ” Israelites trains “. They are not appointed by secret codes. All railwaymen were well placed to monitor the German Traffic, including deportation trains, and were also irreplaceable sources for the Resistance and London. It is still SNCF closing doors and beating down. And although this has been omitted from all accounts, they are French railway that led convoys deported to the border, since the direction of the station was able to resist until spring 1944 the use of German drivers. It is more than likely that resistant railwaymen have had to drive in. But organized resistance believes that stopping the deportation trains is not a priority to the liberation of the territory. Only a spontaneous civil resistance, made of a thousand small gestures, attempt to alleviate the plight (known or unknown, the issue is not settled) these unfortunate : refueling secretly, transmission, not always anonymous, the families of messages left on the tracks, tools hidden in the cars, slow convoys to facilitate escapes, helping escapees, etc.
(By Philippe Gallard, l’expansion-L’express 22/06/2000)
Le partage c'est la liberté