Always on & rsquo; German time

France is still living on the time zone of the & rsquo; Occupation…

At & rsquo; arrival of German in 1940, France has advanced his watch d & rsquo; s an hour to & rsquo; align with the & rsquo; Germany. This decision n & rsquo; has never been canceled.

Nazi Germany occupied France in June 1940. We are then in the summer time (GMT+1), in force in France between March and October since the law of 24 May 1923. The rest of the & rsquo; year, France is GMT, therefore aligned with the & rsquo; England.

Except that in Berlin, it is an hour later and the Germans arriving in France does not intend to upset their habits.

In the occupied territories, So we advance his hands an hour (GMT + 1 to GMT + 2), to pass the time was German. France therefore finds "to the & rsquo; German time", expression that come into the everyday language.

To avoid problems, the German army imposes the German time as and when it progresses. The adoption of the German time in occupied territory will sometimes be legalized, as in the official bulletin of the city of Paris from 15 June, which invited "to forward one hour clocks, clocks and watches the 14 June 23 h, so as to bring them at midnight ", but more often, the public will be informed by orders of the military authorities or the press.

The speaking clock of the Paris Observatory, inaugurated in 1933, who had temporarily worked from Bordeaux, and had stopped issuing, resumed its operation "German time".

The time change will apply only occupied area. Paris will be well ahead one hour in Vichy.

France finds itself so divided in two by the line. This poses some problems at the SNCF.

To end delay problems, This is the train that offers the Vichy government to align also the German time, that & rsquo; it is by the decree of 16 February 1941.

At the Liberation, an order that provides for DST, or "German time", Your GMT + 2, will be removed in two stages. The returns of France & rsquo; First GMT +1 whole & rsquo; year, and plans to come back later to GMT.

But the second round was canceled by Decree No. 45-2782 of 5 November 1945 and France remained on time (GMT + 1) summer, or, in other words, ... to the German winter time. She remained there until 28 mars 1976, when following the first oil crisis, President Giscard restore DST (GMT+2) to reduce the country's energy consumption.

To summarize:
before 1923, France, lived in & rsquo; BST (GMT)
of 1923 at 1940, it is the & rsquo; s UK time & rsquo; winter, but not the & rsquo; was where she lives to GMT + 1
of 1940 at 1945, she lives entirely in & rsquo; German time (GMT+2).
of 1945 at 1976, she lives in the & rsquo; German time the & rsquo; winter, but not the & rsquo; summer.
Since 1976, we are again fully in & rsquo; German time, summer, like winter.

Thank you to Eric and http://bigot45.free.fr

sources : wikipedia, slate.fr

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